Upcoming OSB Dinners:
Cumbria Dinner - Friday 3rd May 2019 at Armathwaite Hall, Nr Bassenthwaite, Cumbria. Contact Darryl Davies firstname.lastname@example.org.
London Dinner - Friday 31st May 2019 at the RAF Club, 128 Piccadilly, London W1J 7PY. Contact Tim Crossley-Smith - email@example.com.
Wishing Dr Bill Frankland (FN 26-30) a very HAPPY 107th BIRTHDAY today (19th March 2019) - our oldest Old St Beghian!
Dr Bill Frankland (FN 26-30) Interview. BBC HARDtalk featuring Bill Frankland was broadcast 7th January 2019. Stephen Sackur speaks to Dr William Frankland - an expert on allergies and one of the last remaining British survivors of the Japanese prisoner of war camps in World War Two. It is available on the BBC iplayer at: https://www.bbc.co.uk/iplayer/episode/b0bxr2bz/hardtalk-dr-william-frankland-allergist-and-wwii-prisoner-of-war-in-singapore.
London Dinner - The London Branch Dinner will be held, once more, at the RAF Club, 128 Piccadilly, London W1J 7PY on Friday 31st May 2019. Further details will be available in the New Year but initial reservations should be sent to either Tim Crossley-Smith firstname.lastname@example.org or Nicola Shannon email@example.com.
Wasps OSB Rugby Event OSB Hospitality package for Wasps v Newcastle Falcons Saturday 9 March 2019. There will be a package including a three course chef's lunch, parking, the best seats in the stadium and hospitality in the Jaguar Lounge, which opens at 11.30. The kick-off is at 14.00 and the following England v Italy match, which starts at 16.45, will be televised on big screens. So far it looks as if there will be a party of about 16. For details see ‘Hospitality’ in the Wasps’ website www.wasps.co.uk. The cost per head is £132.00. If interested please contact Mark Spencer Ellis (SH 62-66) at firstname.lastname@example.org or at 76 Carnarvon Road, South Woodford, London E18 2NU. The Ricoh Arena which Wasps owns is about five minutes from Junction 3 of the M6, to the north of Coventry. It's easily accessible from the East and West Midlands and is about two hours from London. The Ricoh also has a hotel: for details see www.ricoharena.com.
Cumbria Dinner - Friday May 3rd 2019 at 7.30pm. This promises to be an excellent evening at the renowned Armathwaite Hall on the shores of Bassenthwaite Lake near Keswick in the heart of the Lake District. Why not make a weekend of it? Do let Darryl know if you are interested asap as it is likely to get booked up very quickly. Cost:- Dinner (3 course meal and coffee) £30.00 per person. Contact: Darryl Davies – email@example.com. Accommodation:- £125 B&B for the room (book with the hotel direct 017687 76551 or e-mail at firstname.lastname@example.org). To take advantage of this fantastic offer, BOOK NOW.
OSB RUGBY EVENT - Match-day package for Wasps v Newcastle Falcons on Saturday 9th March 2019 at The Ricoh Arena, Coventry.
Please see pdf or word version for further information.
SCOTTISH DINNER - Sat 17th Nov - CANCELLED. Apologies, but the Scottish Dinner has been cancelled due to lack of numbers.
OSB Dr Bill Frankland - Aged 106! - You may be interested in seeing a piece from CNN about Dr Bill Frankland (FN 26-30), our oldest living Old St Beghian at 106 years of age! Note the OSB tie! Link to article: https://edition.cnn.com/2018/10/05/health/william-frankland-doctor-intl/index.html.
London Social - An informal social event for OSBs in the City of London will be held at the The Pepys pub/restaurant (Stew Lane, EC4V 3PT) on Friday 12th October, 2018 from 6.00pm onwards. Joint us for a drink and/or food or even just a catch-up chat! If you wish to attend or require further information, please contact: Nicola Shannon (nee Metcalfe-Gibson) at email@example.com , or Dacre Watson at firstname.lastname@example.org or (01367) 252384 or Tim Crossley-Smith at email@example.com.
Feel free to drop in on the night - we would love to see you there!
North East Dinner - Wednesday 7th November, 7.00 for 7.30pm at The Northumberland Golf Club, High Gosforth park, Newcastle. Cost £25.00 per head. Contact: Bill Dove on (01274) 585147 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
Scottish Dinner - To be held on Saturday 17th November at 7.30pm at The New Club on Princess Street, Edinburgh. Cost £55.00 per person. For further details and to book, please contact Jerry Tsang at email@example.com.
Cumbria Dinner - Foundation Dining Room on FRIDAY 28th SEPTEMBER 7.30 pm for 8.00pm (Evening before OSB Day). Cost £25.00 per person. Booking form and further information from: Darryl.firstname.lastname@example.org
Golf - Critchley Cup 2018 - The Critchley Cup, the OSBGS’s own event, was played on home turf at Seascale Golf Club on Saturday, 7th July, 2018. Please click here to see a report of the day, along with photographs.
OSB's Aerial Visit - An unusual visit back to St Bees last week by OSB Dacre Watson (SH 56-62) on his way to Scotland! Please click here to view photographs.
OSB Golf - The Critchley Cup - Saturday 7th July - For further information about the competition and draw, please click here.
St Bees School Latest Public Communication - 5th June 2018 - Please click here to view.
Sam Robson (G 79-81) - Sent in a lovely memory - 30 Years ago! St Bees RFC Dinner 1987/88 Programme - When Sam was guest Speaker and Stuart Lancaster (FN/AC 80-88) was 1st XV Captain. To view, click here.
Stan (E. S.) Holmes (SH 45-50) - Details of the funeral are now confirmed as follows:
Following a private cremation, a Service of Thanksgiving will take place at St. Martins Church, Bowness-on-Windermere on Friday 20th April 2018, at 12 noon. Family flowers only. Donations if desired to Wasdale Mountain Rescue or Patterdale Mountain Rescue c/o Edmondson Longmire Funeral Service, 3 Oak Street, Windermere, LA23 1BH. Tel. 015394 43427.
Following the service we will be having drinks and sandwiches at the Old England Hotel which is located immediately next door to St Martin’s. If you are thinking of coming to the service we would appreciate you letting us know so that we can have an approximate idea of numbers. Please confirm to Richard Holmes at email@example.com.
Stan (E. S.) Holmes (SH 45-50) - We are very sad to inform OSBs that Stan (E. S.) Holmes (SH 45-50) died on Saturday, 31st March 2018. He had been involved in St Bees in many ways over the years and was a great supporter of the Society and school. He was a long-serving Governor of the school and President of the St Beghian Society from 1996-1998. He was also a loyal and dedicated Member of the Society Committee for a number of years. Stan was a wonderful man and someone who will be truly missed by all those who knew him. As soon as we are aware of the funeral arrangements we will post the details on the Society website and facebook page. We understand that it is likely to be either late next week, or the week after.
Jeff Evans - Funeral Arrangements - Jeff's funeral will take place on Wednesday 4th April at 1.00pm in the Priory.
Jeff Evans - We are sorry to report the death of Mr Jeff Evans, who for many years was head of the English department at school and also in charge of the Cadet Corps. Details regarding the funeral arrangements will be posted in due course.
GOLF - The Critchley Cup 2018 - Will take place on Saturday 7th July at Seascale Golf Club. Please click here for further details or contact Michael Coffey (firstname.lastname@example.org) or Tom Wright (email@example.com).
Dinners & Gatherings 2018 - There will be a Shenzhen Dinner (Friday 26th Jan), Hong Kong Dinner (Sat 27th Jan), Vancouver Dinner (Sat 3rd March) and a Singapore Lunch (Sat 24th March). Click here for further details.
North East Branch Dinner 2017 - To be held on Wednesday 8th November, 2017 at The Northumberland Golf Club, High Gosforth Park, Newcastle. £25 per head, exclusive of wine. RSVP asap or by 31st Oct 2017 to firstname.lastname@example.org. Please contact Bill if you are interested in attending. For information, please click here.
Golf - The Queen Elizabeth Coronation Schools Tournament (22nd-24th Sep 2017) - Please click here to see the match report.
OSB Day 2017 - President's Drinks Reception - Please click here to see photos.
St Beghians' Day 2017 - 23rd September. If you haven't done so already, please let us know if you are intending on coming along on the day. Please click here to see the Timetable and here for a list of attendees that we know about so far. We look forward to seeing you all on the 23rd. Contact email@example.com for further information.
Scottish Dinner 2017 - To be held on Saturday 25th November, 2017 at The Royal Scots Club, Edinburgh. £50 (3 course Dinner with wine). RSVP by 31st Oct 2017 to firstname.lastname@example.org. Please contact Jerry if you are interested in attending. For information please click here.
Golf at Penrith - The OSB Golfing Society is holding a Four Ball Team event on Saturday 30th September at Penrith Golf Club.
All welcome! Further info and contact details on attached poster here.
OSB Gathering in the USA.
We have been delighted with the positive response to a proposed USA/Canada Gathering. Taking into account various suggestions and comments we are planning to hold a get-together in New York on either 8th or 9th September. Becky Hobbs (L 87-92) has very kindly agreed to take the lead in organising the event and we would love to hear from you if you are interested in attending: email@example.com.
Calling all OSBs in or near the US! Following a few extremely successful OSB get-togethers recently, especially those overseas in Hong Kong and Singapore, Dacre Watson, the Society President, was wondering whether it would be possible to arrange something in the US in July. Dacre has attended both the gatherings mentioned above and would be more than willing to try and do the same in the US, if we can get something arranged. At the events, he has been able to pass on, first hand, news about the school and the future plans, which has been very much appreciated by those attending.
Please could you reply (by email firstname.lastname@example.org), indicating whether you would be interested in attending an OSB get-together in July in the US and also where you would be able to travel to eg New York? We look forward to hearing from you.
New Head Teacher Announced - Please see the following link to the Trustees' announcement of the new Head Teacher for St Bees School: http://mailchi.mp/8d5caa25e352/st-bees-school-press-release-new-head-teacher-announced-988097.
105 and still working! You may be interested in seeing the BBC News article spotted over the weekend about OSB,
Bill Frankland (FN 26-30), who is 105 and still working! Here is the link: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/av/uk-politics-39815946/the-105-year-old-still-working-how.
EGREMONT2DAY article following the 'Drop In Day' on Saturday: http://www.egremont2day.co.uk/st-bees-school-announces-their-global-vision-for-the-future/.
St Bees School Trustees' Drop In Day - Join the trustees on Saturday 22nd April, 2017 for a "Drop In Day" to hear from and meet St Bees School Trustees and the Directors of Full Circle (Shenzhen International). Details attached here.
The Trustees have posted further information on their website about their new partners, Full Circle Education Group - please click here to view.
In addition, information about the appointment of a new Headteacher may be see here.
A Bristol and West of England Lunch will be held on Saturday 20th May at The Foxham Inn, near Chippenham, Wiltshire.
For further details, please click Word or PDF version.
Great News!!! - School to Re-open in 2018......
Press Release from The Trustees of St Bees School announcing the re-opening of the school in September 2018. Please click for Word or PDF version.
Congratulations to Dr A. W. (Bill) Frankland (FN 26-30) who celebrated his 105th Birthday yesterday (Sunday 19th March, 2017).
St Bees in March 2017 Photos - A sunny March day, with the daffodils just emerging..... Please click here to see some photos.
Yorkshire Gathering 23rd April, 2017 – CANCELLED. Unfortunately, due to lack of response (6) the Lunch at the Bridge Inn, Walshford Bridge, on 23rd April is cancelled. Steve Crossley-Smith is exploring the possibility of a different venue/format/location/date - if you have any suggestions please let us know. Apologies for any inconvenience caused.
Harecroft Hall Prep. School - Former pupils of Harecroft may like to know that a history of the school is about to be published. Further details can be found on Ruth Mansergh’s website by clicking here.
January 2017 Bulletin - 'The Old St Beghian' Bulletin (No.190) is now available. If you have not received your copy, please contact us at email@example.com.
Cumbria Dinner - Friday 21st April - To be held at The Castle Bar, Market Place, Cockermouth. £20 per person to include 3 course meal, plus tea or coffee. Please click here for menu. If interested in attending please contact Darryl Davies on 07970 180751 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
London Dinner - Friday 17th March, 2017 - Please click here(word) or here(pdf) for further details and booking information with regard to the London Dinner, which is being held at the RAF Club, on Friday March 17th, 2017.
Mike Slowther (FN 71-76) and his wife, Val, are to feature in a TV programme in February. The progamme, James Martin's French Adventure, starts on Monday 30th January at 15.00 on ITV, however the episode that Mike and Val feature in will be shown on Wednesday 1st February, 2017.
London Dinner - Friday 17th March, 2017 - A London OSB dinner is planned for Friday 17th March in the sumptuous surroundings of the RAF Club, 128 Piccadilly, London W1. Partners are of course welcome. For information, the cost of the dinner is likely to be around £38, plus drinks. Further details to follow. Please contact Tim Crossley-Smith if you are interested in attending:
email@example.com or +44 (0)207 911 2291.
Singapore Lunch/Dinner – Saturday 6th May, 2017 - Duncan Merrin (G 53-57) is proposing a get-together for either lunch or dinner on May 6th in Singapore, to coincide with a visit by Dacre Watson (SH 56-62). Please contact Duncan if you are interested in joining them: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Keith Wilson - We regret to announce the death of Keith Wilson (M 1970 - 1999) following a long illness. There will be a service at St Peter’s Church, Heversham, LA7 7EW on Thursday, 5th January 2017 at 11.30 a.m. Yvonne and family warmly invite you to join them for refreshments at
Crooklands Hotel, Crooklands, Nr Kendal, LA7 7NW. Our sincere condolences go to his family.
William Leefe Robinson - Clive Kennedy (FN 55 - 59) has kindly advised us that there was a piece on Radio 2, Jeremy Vine programme 12.00 until 2.00 pm on Thursday 8th December (starting at 1hr 35 mins 40 secs into the transmission), telling how William Leefe Robinson (who was educated at St Bees School) was the first pilot to shoot down a German airship over Britain during the First World War and was subsequently awarded the Victoria Cross.
Alec MacCaig (FS 42-46) - We are very sad to inform you all that Alec MacCaig (FS 42-46) died very recently. Please click here for further details and funeral arrangements.
Note for your 2017 Diary - The 2017 North East Dinner will take place on Wednesday 8th November, 2017.
FINAL REMINDER - Scottish Dinner - Nov 2016.
Date : Friday 25th November, 2016. Venue : Royal Scots Club , Edinburgh. Cost : £37.50 per head.
If you are interested in attending, please Contact David Parker.
Email: email@example.com. Tel: 01854 655300. Bromview Cottage, Ardcharnich , Loch Broom , Nr Ullapool , Ross-Shire. IV23 2RQ.
William Leefe Robinson - A service commemorating William Leefe-Robinson’s winning of the VC was recently held in the school chapel. The aviation artist Michael Farrier, has drawn our attention to some artwork which was on sale at an exhibition in Hertfordshire honouring Leefe-Robinson’s exploit and which is available for purchase. Please click here to see artwork.
Mr Farrier can be contacted on firstname.lastname@example.org or mobile 07790 769709.
Scottish Dinner - Nov 2016.
Just a quick reminder about the Scottish Dinner:
Date : Friday 25th November, 2016. Venue : Royal Scots Club , Edinburgh. Cost : £37.50 per head.
If you are interested in attending, please Contact David Parker (G 63-68) for more information:
Email: email@example.com. Tel: 01854 655300. Bromview Cottage, Ardcharnich , Loch Broom , Nr Ullapool , Ross-Shire. IV23 2RQ.
Thomas Froggatt Memorial Charity Rugby Match - December, 2016.
The second annual Thomas Froggatt Memorial Charity Rugby Match in aid of the Calvert Trust will take place at Egremont RUFC on Wednesday 28th December at 2.00pm.
As well as being a tribute to Thomas, it's designed to be an ideal opportunity for OSBs of all ages, male and female, to get together at a time when many are home for the holiday period from work, university etc. Further information is available here - WORD or PDF version.
The Yorkshire Gathering on Sunday April 23rd, 2017 - St. George’s Day.
The plan is to have an informal Sunday Lunch carvery (3 courses, plus coffee) at the Bridge Inn at Walshford Bridge (about 6 mins from the A1, at Wetherby). Further details and booking information are available here - WORD or PDF version.
BRANCH DINNER DATES - Please contact the relevant person if you are interested in attending any of the following Dinners:
9th November, 2016 - North East Dinner in Newcastle - Bill Dove, firstname.lastname@example.org
25th November, 2016 - Scottish Dinner in Edinburgh - David Parker, email@example.com
25th February, 2017 - Hong Kong Dinner - Laurence Gribble, OSBinAsia@gmail.com
23rd April, 2017 - Yorkshire Dinner/Lunch - Steve Crossley-Smith, firstname.lastname@example.org
PHOTOS from St Beghians' Day (24th September, 2016) - Please click here.
Thank you to everyone who was able to join us last Saturday for St Beghians' Day. It was wonderful to see so many people there and we hope you all enjoyed the day. If you have any photos of your own that you would be happy to share, we would love to receive them.
Funeral - Peter Broadhurst (M 57-87)
The Funeral will take place at St Peters Church, Askham, near Penrith on Friday 30th September at 11 am. Buffet etc will be at the Punch Bowl Inn, Askham, just up the road from the Church.
All OSB’s are very welcome! We’ll need as many ‘old boys’ as we can, as one of the Hymns is Jerusalem!
Stuart Broadhurst (G 69-74).
Peter Broadhurst (M 57-87) - We are sorry to advise of the death of Peter Broadhurst last Thursday, 15th september, 2016. Peter was a Master at the School from 1957-1987. Details of the funeral arrangements will follow in due course.
Major Linda Johnston (St Bees School CCF - 1995-2015) Funeral - On Friday 23rd September at Distington Hall Crematorium at 10.00am.
St Beghians’ Day – 24th September, 2016.
For further information about what is happening on the day and how to be part of it, please click here. Hope to see you there!
Major Linda Johnston (St Bees School CCF - 1995-2015).
Please see the following note from Sandy Rogers, Ex-RSM St Bees Combined Cadet Force:
It is my sad duty to inform you that while visiting her daughter in the North East, Major Linda Johnston went to sleep on Monday, 12th of September and never woke up. Linda will always be remembered by many St Beghians for her stalwart service to the Combined Cadet Force where she served for 2 years as Contingent Commander until the closure of the School in 2015.
Linda’s main passion was to provide a conduit where Cadets could help achieve awards and certificates in BTEC, First Aid, and most especially close to her heart, the Duke of Edinburgh Award Scheme in which she spent many, many hours ensuring Cadets had the best opportunity to successfully achieve the Bronze, Silver or Gold Award Levels.
Linda will be greatly missed by all who knew her and most especially by her two daughters, Linda and Stacey and their families, and her ever faithful Golden Labrador, Duke.
Scottish Dinner - To be held on Friday 25th November, 2016 at the Royal Scots Club in Edinburgh. Further details and booking information are available here - PDF or WORD version.
William Leefe Robinson Commemoration – Friday 9th September, 2016. 7.30 – 8.30pm in St Bees School Chapel.
William Leefe Robinson, who was educated at St Bees School, was the first pilot to shoot down a German airship over Britain during the First World War, on the night of 2/3 Sept 1916. For this he was awarded the Victoria Cross just two days later.
He was the first person to be awarded the VC for action in the UK, and it was the first VC of the Royal Flying Corps; the forerunner of the RAF.
His amazing feat of bravery was a turning point in repelling the airship menace in WW1, and was the birth of aerial night fighting.
This commemoration of his short life in words and music will be in the School Chapel where his VC is recorded, and will include a detailed account of the action and its significance for aerial combat and the morale of the nation.
All welcome. Free admission.
OSBs in Asia - James Rebert (SH 91-98), Laurence Gribble (SH 02-09) and Chris Ma (G 02-09) would like formally to establish a group for Old St Beghians based in the Asia region under the name, “Old St Beghians in Asia”. As well as organising an annual dinner in Hong Kong, they hope such a group can connect OSBs in Asia and reconnect those who may have lost contact since leaving St Bees. Please click here for further information.
Newsletter from the new Board of Trustees - Please click here to view the second Newsletter (July 2016) from the new Board of Trustees.
Membership of the St Beghian Society - For 2015 Leavers. Did you leave St Bees School in July 2015? If so, do you wish to become a Member of the St Beghian Society – and have you completed the relevant forms? For further information, please click here.
Bristol and West of England Dinner - will be held on Friday June 10th 2016 at the Bay Prince of Wales Hotel, Berkeley, near Bristol (on the A38, half way between junctions 13 & 14 on the M5). The cost will be about £25 (depending on uptake) and the hotel has accommodation for those who wish to stay overnight. For further Information, please contact: Bill Affleck, Barley Hill, Watledge, Nailsworth, Stroud, Gloucestershire, GL6 0AS. Tel: 01453 832619. Email: William.email@example.com.
Cumbria Dinner - To take place on Friday 22nd April, 2016 at
Castle Bar, Market Place, Cockermouth.
Details and Booking Form available here - PDF or Word version. Please book early as places are limited.
For further information please contact firstname.lastname@example.org. Look forward to seeing you there.
Newsletter from the new Board of Trustees - Welcome to the first newsletter from the new Board of Trustees. To view, please click here.
Notice - OSBs may like to know that a number of oil paintings by J.D. Kenworthy, which are part of the archives acquired by the Society, will be sold at a fine art auction in Cockermouth on 10th and 11th March to raise funds for the Society.
Details may be obtained from Mitchells Antiques and Fine Art, 47 Station Road, Cockermouth, Cumbria, CA13 9PZ. Tel. 01900 827800, website: www.mitchellsantiques.co.uk, from whom catalogues will be shortly available.
Professor H.F. (Frank) Woods (G 51-57) - The Society regrets to announce the death of Professor H. F. Woods (G 51-57) on the 31st January, 2016 following a lengthy illness. Professor Woods had a long and distinguished career in Medicine at Oxford and Sheffield Universities. Having been a long serving Governor of the school, he came back from retirement to undertake the Chairmanship of the Board from 2013. His funeral, a strictly private occasion, will take place on Wednesday 10th February in Amersham. We extend our sincere condolences to his family and friends.
Missing Email Addresses - January 2016 - Have you changed your email address but not told us about it? We have recently had over 70 failed email deliveries following a mailing. If you did not receive the Autumn 2016 electronic Bulletin last November, please do get in touch to check that we have your up to date contact details. Please click PDF or Word to see list of missing OSB emails.
M.J.M. Thompson (John) – SH 39-43. John sadly died on Thursday last (28th January) and his funeral will be held at Crosthwaite Church, Keswick, this Thursday, 4th February, at 11am. John was an extremely valuable member of the Governing Body for many years (1964-1993) as well as being the School’s Land Agent during this time. If anybody is able to make the funeral on Thursday I feel certain that it will be very much appreciated by his wife, Alison and the rest of the family.
Scottish Reunion Dinner 2016 - Diary Date - Friday 25th November, 2016 at The Royal Scots Club, Edinburgh. For further information: David Parker, Broomview Cottage, Ardcharnich, Loch Broom, By Garve, Ross-Shire. IV23 2RQ. 01854 655300 (after 9pm) email@example.com.
The Autumn 2015 edition of 'The Old St Beghian' is now available.
If you do not currently receive a copy of the bulletin, please click here to let us know.
To view the Autumn 2015 Bulletin and also previous editions please click here.
David Gummers (G/FN 75-83) is organising a Kendal Floods Charity Concert in Kendal on March 17th and 18th in aid of the floods, with all proceeds going to the Cumbria Community Foundation. He is bringing across singer, Lauren-Lee Bock from South Africa for the occasion. The event will also include an auction and raffle (List on David’s Facebook, David Gummers).
David’s shoe company is putting in £4000 to cover the big costs of the concert but he is also hoping to raise funds to be able to offer free tickets to those affected by the flooding and also the fire brigade. If you are interested in either buying a ticket to attend the concert or wish to offer a donation towards the event, please contact David on firstname.lastname@example.org 01229 580654 or mob 07802 766570. Click here for ticket information.
Communications from the New Board - The Society has been asked by the new Board to circulate the following three communications:
1. The VMO (Vision, Mission & Objectives),
2. Current Board Members and
3. A request for additional Board Members.
Dr Bill Frankland (FN 26-30) - As many OSBs may already be aware, Bill Frankland, aged 103, recently featured on the BBC's Desert Island Discs programme. A castaway page for him on the Programme's homepage showing his music, book and luxury choices, along with the audio for people to listen to or download can be found here: http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b006qnmr.
OSB DAY - 27th June, 2015 - PHOTOGRAPHS.
Please click here to see photographs from the day. Please also let us have any photographs that you may have taken on the day and are happy to share.